Top 15 Hardest Languages In The World (By Order)

Embarking on learning a new language, especially the challenging ones like Mandarin, Arabic, and Hungarian, is not just about acquiring new words and grammar. It’s about conquering unique scripts and complex rules that can initially seem daunting. The more a language differs from your own, the more it can test your perseverance. Yet, the rewards are immense. It’s a path that leads to a deeper understanding of new cultures and novel ways of thinking, and it’s a journey that fosters personal growth and a sense of accomplishment.

Top 15 Hardest Languages in the World

Let’s explore the world of the 15 most challenging languages to learn. Each has its own challenges that can stump even the most dedicated learners.

Number Language Reasons for Difficulty
1 Mandarin Chinese Tones, complex characters, and grammar different from English
2 Arabic Script, grammar, regional dialects, and phonetics
3 Japanese Three writing systems (Kanji, Hiragana, Katakana), politeness levels
4 Korean Complex grammar, honorifics, and Hangul script
5 Hungarian Complex grammar with numerous cases, vowel harmony
6 Finnish Extensive case system, agglutinative structure
7 Basque Isolated language, complex grammar
8 Navajo Verb-centered, complex syntax, and phonetics
9 Icelandic Complex grammar, inflection, and archaic vocabulary
10 Polish Pronunciation, extensive inflection, and difficult phonetics
11 Russian Cyrillic script, complex grammar, and cases
12 Thai Tones, complex script, and different register system
13 Vietnamese Tones, phonetic complexity, and unique script
14 Greek Different alphabet, complex grammar
15 Turkish Agglutinative structure, vowel harmony, and extensive suffixes


Learning the world’s toughest languages is not just a challenge, it’s an opportunity for cultural enrichment. It’s a gateway to understanding different cultures and their unique communication methods. As we delve into these languages, we uncover how history, culture, and geography shape people’s speech. This journey broadens our horizons and deepens our connections with others, offering a unique perspective on the world. If you take on the challenge of learning these problematic languages, you’ll gain new perspectives, opportunities, and deeper connections with others. Although it’s hard, the benefits are enormous. It connects us more with the world.

About the author
Winston Simon
Winston Simon, the founder of the Translation Blog, holds a Bachelor of Science (BS) from Auburn University. Fluent in multiple languages, including Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, French, German, and Japanese, Winston has had a lifelong passion for learning languages from around the globe

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