Mastering 58 Top Irregular Spanish Verbs Conjugation

If you want to speak Spanish fluently, you need to get a handle on irregular verbs. They don’t follow the usual rules, which makes them tricky but very important. You’ll find these verbs everywhere – in every tense and mood. So, what’s the best way to tackle them? Dive into different situations where Spanish is used. This helps you remember and understand how these verbs work in everyday language.

What are Irregular Verbs in Spanish?

Irregular verbs in Spanish can trip you up as you learn the language. They don’t follow the usual rules of verb endings like -ar, -er, or -ir. Instead, they change in unexpected ways. You might see different stems or endings; sometimes, the whole verb looks different. These changes show up across various tenses and moods. So, it’s essential to practice them a lot. Getting a handle on these verbs is crucial.

Mastering 58 Irregular Spanish Verbs

Irregular Spanish Verbs

To get a grip on the 58 most irregular Spanish verbs, you need to start by figuring out how these verbs like to break the rules. Some change their stem, and others have odd spelling changes. Dive into verbs like ‘ser,’ ‘tener,’ and ‘ir.’ Learn how they twist and turn through different tenses. Knowing these will help you speak Spanish more fluently and accurately.

# Spanish Verb English Translation
1 Ser to be (essential)
2 Estar to be (conditional)
3 Tener to have
4 Hacer to do, to make
5 Poder to be able to, can
6 Decir to say, to tell
7 Ir to go
8 Ver to see
9 Dar to give
10 Saber to know
11 Querer to want, to love
12 Llegar to arrive
13 Pasar to pass, to spend time
14 Deber must, to owe
15 Poner to put, to place
16 Parecer to seem, to appear
17 Quedar to stay, to remain
18 Creer to believe
19 Hablar to speak
20 Llevar to carry, to wear
21 Dejar to leave, to let
22 Seguir to follow, to continue
23 Encontrar to find
24 Llamar to call
25 Venir to come
26 Pensar to think
27 Salir to leave, to go out
28 Volver to return
29 Tomar to take, to drink
30 Conocer to know, to meet
31 Vivir to live
32 Sentir to feel
33 Tratar to try, to treat
34 Mirar to look, to watch
35 Contar to count, to tell
36 Empezar to begin
37 Esperar to wait, to hope
38 Buscar to search, to look for
39 Existir to exist
40 Entrar to enter
41 Trabajar to work
42 Escribir to write
43 Perder to lose
44 Producir to produce
45 Ocurrir to occur
46 Entender to understand
47 Pedir to ask for, to request
48 Recibir to receive
49 Recordar to remember
50 Terminar to end, to finish
51 Permitir to permit, to allow
52 Aparecer to appear
53 Conducir to drive
54 Ofrecer to offer
55 Imaginar to imagine
56 Realizar to carry out, to realize
57 Descubrir to discover
58 Escribir to write (duplicate)

Types of Irregular Verbs

Let’s talk about stem-changing verbs first. These verbs change their stem vowels when you conjugate them. For example, ‘ pensar’ switches from ‘e’ to ‘ie’ in most present tense forms. Then there are orthographic-changing verbs. These verbs change their spelling to keep the sound consistent. For example, ‘proteger’ becomes ‘protejo’ in the first person singular present indicative. Lastly, we have radically irregular verbs. These verbs don’t follow normal patterns at all. Their stems can change a lot or use completely different forms. ‘Ser’ and ‘ir’ are good examples; they’re very irregular across different tenses.

Type Description Examples
Stem-Changing Verbs Vowel changes in the stem in certain forms. pensar → pienso, dormir → duermo
Orthographic Changes Changes in spelling to maintain pronunciation. proteger → protejo, tocar → toque
Irregular Yo Forms Regular in most forms but irregular in the first person singular present indicative. salir → salgo, hacer → hago
Completely Irregular Verbs Do not follow regular patterns in multiple forms and tenses. ser, ir, tener, estar
Verbs with Irregular Preterite Forms Unique preterite forms that do not fit regular patterns. ser/ir → fui, tener → tuve
Irregular Participles Irregular past participles, used in perfect tenses and as adjectives. escribir → escrito, romper → roto
Verbs with Irregular Subjunctive Forms Irregularities in the subjunctive mood. saber → sepa, tener → tenga

Common Irregular Verbs and their Conjugations

Mastering common irregular Spanish verbs is key to speaking the language well. Some of the most important ones are ‘ser,’ ‘tener,’ and ‘ir.’ Each has its own way of changing. For ‘ser,’ you say ‘soy,’ ‘eres,’ ‘es,’ ‘somos,’ ‘sois,’ ‘son.’ For ‘tener,’ it goes ‘tengo,’ ‘tienes,’ ‘tiene,’ ‘tenemos,’ ‘tenéis,’ ‘tienen.’ And for ‘ir,’ it’s ‘voy,’ ‘vas,’ ‘va,’ ‘vamos,’ ‘vais,’ ‘van.’

These verbs are tricky because they don’t follow the usual rules. But knowing them well is crucial. It might seem tough at first, but with practice, it gets easier. Remember, it’s all about getting used to these unusual patterns. Keep at it; soon, it’ll feel natural when you use them in conversation.

Verb Present (yo) Preterite (yo) Imperfect (yo) Future (yo) Subjunctive (yo)
Ser soy fui era seré sea
Ir voy fui iba iré vaya
Estar estoy estuve estaba estaré esté
Tener tengo tuve tenía tendré tenga
Hacer hago hice hacía haré haga
Poder puedo pude podía podré pueda
Poner pongo puse ponía pondré ponga
Saber supe sabía sabré sepa
Venir vengo vine venía vendré venga
Decir digo dije decía diré diga
Ver veo vi veía veré vea
Dar doy di daba daré
Salir salgo salí salía saldré salga
Quedar quedo quedé quedaba quedaré quede
Sentir siento sentí sentía sentiré sienta
Traer traigo traje traía traeré traiga
Conducir conduzco conduje conducía conduciré conduzca


Simply put, if you want to speak Spanish well, you need to get a handle on the 58 most important irregular verbs. These verbs don’t follow the usual rules, making them tricky and important for everyday conversation. If you practice these regularly, you’ll get the hang of their patterns and your Spanish will improve a lot. So, it’s worth the effort to master these verbs if you’re serious about learning Spanish.

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